How Can You Use Authority to Solve a Community Problem?
Wisconsin Model Academic Standards for Social Studies
B.4.10 Explain the history, culture, tribal sovereignty, and current status
of the Indian tribes and bands of Wisconsin
E.4.6 Give examples of group and institutional influences such as laws,
rules, and peer pressure on people, events, and culture
E.4.14 Describe how differences in cultures may lead to understanding
or misunderstanding among people

Wisconsin Model Academic Standards for Language Arts
A.4.1 Use effective reading strategies to achieve their purpose in reading
A.4.2 Read, interpret, and critically analyze literature
A.4.3 Read and discuss literary and nonliterary texts in order to
understand human experience
A.4.4 Read to acquire information

Words to Know
treaty – A formal agreement between two or more countries
treaty rights – Privileges or rights outlined in a treaty

Suggested Cultural Connections
Instead of reading “Trawlers Come to Hastings,” read the story “The Spearfishing
Challenge” about Ojibwe treaty rights and role-play a town meeting.

“The Spearfishing Challenge” (summary) [ read full story ]
This is a true story that has been fictionalized for classroom use as a
role-play. It is a story of the racism that prevailed during
a 1973 incident in which two Native American brothers were arrested for
spearfishing. It is a story that demonstrates how you can use authority to
solve a community problem.

People taking part in the town meeting before the trial [ student handout ]
For this role-play you will pretend you were part of this story, even though
it happened in 1973.
Your teacher will divide the class into small groups. Each group will play
the role of the people in the town near the site of conflict.

Group 1 — The Civil Rights Group that represents the two brothers: You are committed to taking this case all the way to court and feel angry about the racial incidents that have occurred in town. You believe that treaty rights are being ignored.

Group 2 — Chamber of Commerce of Junction City: You recognize the tourist industry does not need anything negative to discourage tourists from coming to your town. This organization wants to protect the rights of the business owners.

Group 3 — Lake Louise Lakeshore Owners along with the representatives from the Department of Natural Resources (D.N.R.): You are angry about many issues. You think the lake should not be touched by anyone, Native People or tourists. You want the lake and land
to stay natural and untouched. The D.N.R. stepped in to make the arrests as
requested by the Lake Louise Lakeshore Owners and several businesses in town that reported
the activity.

Group 4 — Association of Wisconsin Fishermen: You feel very strongly that native spearfishing affects fish populations and you do not want this practice to be allowed. You are almost militant about keeping abundant fishing limits for all people.

Group 5 — The mayor and elected pre-trial representatives: Your group will moderate the
meeting. You will call on groups to make their presentations. Be prepared to ask
questions about whether their suggestions are reasonable. You should also
question any suggestion that might violate the rights of others.